What is “Canada E” in the 1860 US Federal Census?

What does Canada English mean on census?

“Canada English” is, generally speaking, synonymous with Ontario. “Canada French” is Quebec. “Canada Scotch” I would assume to be Nova Scotia, although I’ve never run across that one.

What census records are available for Canada?

The national government of Canada has taken censuses every ten years since 1871 and every five years since 1971.
Canadian national censuses, taken for these dates, are available to the public:

  • 1871 (April 2)
  • 1881 (April 4)
  • 1891 (April 6)
  • 1901 (March 31)
  • 1911 (June 1)
  • 1921 (June 1)

Is the 1951 Canadian census available?

Canada’s Statistics Act legislation does not permit the release of personal information until 92 years have elapsed. Detailed information from this census is not due for release until 2042.

What is the purpose of the Canadian census?

The census is designed to provide information about people and housing units in Canada by their demographic, social and economic characteristics. A sample of approximately 25% of Canadian households receive a long-form questionnaire.

When did Canada census start?


The first census of Canada was taken in 1871. According to The Census Act of May 12, 1870, census-taking was to take place no later than May 1st.

What census years are available?

Because of a 72-year restriction on access to the Census, the most recent year available is 1950. The 1950 Census was released on April 1, 2022. The National Archives has the census schedules available from 1790 to 1950, and most have now been digitized by our digitization partners.

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