What convict records for Australia exist?

Is there a list of convicts sent to Australia?

This website allows you to search the British Convict transportation register for convicts transported to Australia between 1787-1867. Information available includes name of convict, known aliases, place convicted, port of departure, date of departure, port of arrival, and the source of the data.

How many Australians have convict history?

Today, it’s estimated that 20% of the Australian population are descended from people originally transported as convicts, while around 2 million Britons have transported convict ancestry.

What crimes did convicts get sent to Australia for?

Those who were taken to Australia had committed a range of different crimes including theft, assault, robbery and fraud. As part of their punishment they were sentenced to penal transportation for seven years, fourteen years or even life, despite the crimes that they had committed being generally low-grade.

What is the historical background of convicts in Australia?

Seeking to pre-empt the French colonial empire from expanding into the region, Britain chose Australia as the site of a penal colony, and in 1787, the First Fleet of eleven convict ships set sail for Botany Bay, arriving on 20 January 1788 to found Sydney, New South Wales, the first European settlement on the continent …

What were the 19 crimes list?

The crimes that make up 19 Crimes include:

  • Grand Larceny, theft above the value of one shilling.
  • Petty Larceny, theft under one shilling.
  • Buying or receiving stolen goods, jewels, and plate…
  • Stealing lead, iron, or copper, or buying or receiving.
  • Impersonating an Egyptian.
  • Stealing from furnished lodgings.

What are some convicts names?

List of Convicts

Name Place of conviction Other information
George Barland London Convicted at the Old Bailey (with James Burleigh) for stealing one cloth great coat (20s).
Stephen Barnes York For more information see here
Henry Barnett Warwick aka Barnard, alias Burton
Daniel Barret Winchester aka Barrett, Barnett, Barney

Who came to Australia on the First Fleet?

Perhaps most famously, the First Fleet included more than 700 convicts. The settlement at Botany Bay was intended to be a penal colony. The convicts of the First Fleet included both men and women. Most were British, but a few were American, French, and even African.

Who was the youngest girl convict on the First Fleet?

Elizabeth Hayward

was the youngest female convict, at 13, on the First Fleet. She received seven years transportation at the Old Bailey in January 1787, for being accused of stealing clothes from the clog maker she was working for.

Who was the youngest Australian convict?

John Hudson, described as ‘sometimes a chimney sweeper’, was the youngest known convict to sail with the First Fleet. Voyaging on board the Friendship to NSW, the boy thief was 13 years old on arrival at Sydney Cove. He was only nine when first sentenced.

Who was the oldest convict on the First Fleet?

Dorothy Handland (born Dorothy Coolley; c. 1705/26 -) was perhaps the oldest convict transported on the First Fleet.

Dorothy Handland
Born c. 1705/26
Other names Dorothy Handlyn, Dorothy Henley, Dorothy Hanland
Occupation Old clothes woman
Criminal charge(s) Perjury

What was life like on the Lady Penrhyn?

Lady Penrhyn had difficulty in her sailing abilities, often lagging behind the other ships. The woman convicts caused numerous problems on the voyage and were punished for thieving, fighting and abusive language. There was an exchange of three seamen between HMS Sirius and Lady Penrhyn.

What happened to female convicts when they arrived in Australia?

AFTER A HARROWING six month voyage across the sea to the newly established British colony dubbed New Holland, convict women were either sold off for as little as the price of a bottle of rum or, if sent to Tasmania, then known as Van Diemen’s land, they were marched to the Cascades Female Factory — a damp distillery- …

What happened to the Lady Penrhyn in the First Fleet?

On 22 July 1811 the French privateer Duc de Dantzig captured Lady Penrhyn while she was sailing from London to Grenada. Her captor set her on fire, scuttling her.

What did the Golden Grove carry?

The Golden Grove was a store ship in the First Fleet which carried the convicts and soldiers to Australia to start a penal colony.

Did the Golden Grove sink?

She served as a storeship for the First Fleet to Australia. Thereafter she sailed to the Mediterranean and the Baltic. She is last listed in 1811–1813.
Golden Grove (1782 ship)

Great Britain
Launched 1780
Renamed Golden Grove (1782)
Fate Unknown, disappeared from records after 1811

Who was the master of the Golden Grove?

Master William Sharp

Golden Grove was under the command of Master William Sharp; Master’s Mate John Hart, Stephen More steward with a possible crew of 20. Whilst on the voyage in October 1787, Master Sharp became seriously ill, forcing him to send for Surgeon Bowes aboard Lady Penrhyn.

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