What is the most common last name in Poland?
The Most Common Surnames in Poland
- KOWALSKA / KOWALSKI. 137,981.
- WIŚNIEWSKA / WIŚNIEWSKI. 109,896.
- WÓJCIK. 99,098.
- KOWALCZYK. 97,537.
- KAMIŃSKA / KAMIŃSKI. 94,829.
- LEWANDOWSKA / LEWANDOWSKI. 92,903.
- ZIELIŃSKA / ZIELIŃSKI. 90,658.
- SZYMAŃSKA / SZYMAŃSKI. 88,381.
Why did Polish immigrants change their names?
About the Changed Surname List. Often our Polish ancestors changed their surnames or name changes were forced upon them by employers or schoolteachers. Surnames were “americanized,” letters were dropped or names were translated into English.
How do Polish last names work?
Most Polish family names end in a suffix, such as –WICZ, e.g. IWASZKIEWICZ. Many suffixes vary between the masculine or feminine. For example, -SKI, -CKI and -DZKI (male), become -SKA, -CKA, -DZKA (feminine). Therefore, the wife of Piotr MALINOWSKI might have the last name MALINOWSKA.
Why do all Polish names end with ski?
Names derived from places usually ended in -ski, meaning “of,” and for a long time, they were reserved for nobility. In the 13th century, however, it became fashionable to adopt a -ski name, making it one of the most identifiable traits of Polish last names.
How do I trace my ancestors in Poland?
Tracing Polish ancestors
- Research Poland’s history. …
- Find out as much as you can from your relatives.
- Ask about place of origin and religious denomination or faith.
- Find the name of the town or village of origin.
- Collect any documents, such as birth, baptism, marriage or death certificates.
What does WICZ mean in Polish?
“-witz” in this case is not the German word for wit/joke, but is a German variation on a Slavic suffix “-vich,” “-vic,” “-wits,” “-witz,” or “-wicz” (-wicz being a Polish variation) meaning “son of,” “child of,” “family of,” “clan of,” etc.
What was Poland called before Poland?
The constitution adopted by the communists introduces a new name for the Polish state, the Polish People’s Republic (Polska Rzeczpospolita Ludowa, PRL), which replaces the previously used Republic of Poland (Rzeczpospolita Polska).
Where did most Polish immigrants come from?
Most Polish Americans are descended from the first wave, when millions of Poles fled Polish districts of Germany, Russia, and Austria. This group is often called the za chlebem (for bread) immigrants because most were peasants in Poland who did not own land and lacked basic subsistence.