Why did Polish immigrants change their names?
About the Changed Surname List. Often our Polish ancestors changed their surnames or name changes were forced upon them by employers or schoolteachers. Surnames were “americanized,” letters were dropped or names were translated into English.
Why do Polish last names end in wicz?
In fact, the Polish suffix -wicz is of Ruthenian origin (the more ancient Polish form terminates in -wic; you can find it in early modern names of Polish poets: Szymonowic, Klonowic), where it was used for many centuries by the local nobility.
What is a common Polish surname?
The most common Polish surnames are listed below. Nowak. Kowalski. Wiśniewski. Dabrowski.
When did Poland get surnames?
Peasants still did not have surnames until the partitions; until the turn of the 19th century they had only first names and sometimes nicknames. The 19th century was the time of stabilization of surnames. Censuses took place and parish registers were reformed.
What was Poland called before Poland?
The constitution adopted by the communists introduces a new name for the Polish state, the Polish People’s Republic (Polska Rzeczpospolita Ludowa, PRL), which replaces the previously used Republic of Poland (Rzeczpospolita Polska).
What is a Polish last name?
The most widespread Polish surnames are Nowak, Kowalski, Wiśniewski and Wójcik.
Why is ski at the end of Polish names?
Names derived from places usually ended in -ski, meaning “of,” and for a long time, they were reserved for nobility. In the 13th century, however, it became fashionable to adopt a -ski name, making it one of the most identifiable traits of Polish last names.
How do Polish surnames work?
Most Polish family names end in a suffix, such as –WICZ, e.g. IWASZKIEWICZ. Many suffixes vary between the masculine or feminine. For example, -SKI, -CKI and -DZKI (male), become -SKA, -CKA, -DZKA (feminine). Therefore, the wife of Piotr MALINOWSKI might have the last name MALINOWSKA.