# Interpreting DNA matches from endogamous communities?

## How many shared centimorgans is significant?

For example, you’ll usually share about 120 centimorgans with a 3rd cousin, but it’s possible to share as few as 90 or as many as 200.
What does the match confidence score mean?

Approximate amount of shared DNA (in centimorgans) Possible relationship
200—620 2nd cousin
90—180 3rd cousin
20—85 4th cousin
6—20 Distant cousin: 5th cousin — 8th cousins

## How many centimorgans is a good match?

Centimorgans (cM) are units of genetic linkage between two given individuals. For example, if you share 1800 cM with an individual, that means you share around 25% of your DNA with them. A strong match will have around 200 cM or more.

## What does a 17% DNA match mean?

Notice that many relationships share the same average percent DNA, or their ranges overlap. If you and a relative were to share 17% of your DNA, for example, there would be some probability that the relative is your aunt, your niece, your grandmother, your grandchild, your half sister, or even your first cousin.

## What does a 50% match on DNA mean?

In general, there is about a 50% overlap between the DNA you got from your mom and the DNA your brother or sister got from that same mom. So you and your sibling share 50% of 50% of mom’s DNA or 25%.

## How many generations is 2%?

How many generations back is 2% DNA? To find where you get your 2 percent DNA, you will have to search back to about 5 or 6 generations. This would be your great 4x great-grandparents. To figure this out, you will need to use the 50% DNA inheritance rule.

## How many centimorgans do 1st cousins share?

You usually share about 850 cM with a first cousin, but that number could be as low as 553 or as high as 1,225 cM. Likewise, a single shared-cM value could indicate a variety of relationships. For example, 1,200 shared cM could indicate a first cousin, great-grandparent, grandparent, or great-niece.

## Which is more important centimorgans and DNA segments?

While the total amount of shared centimorgans is more useful than the number of shared DNA segments, it is possible to share many small segments with a distant match, which is why the size of the longest segment is important.

## What percentage of DNA is significant?

Percent DNA Shared by Relationship

Relationship Average % DNA Shared Range
Identical Twin 100% N/A
Parent / Child Full Sibling 50% Varies by specific relationship
Grandparent / Grandchild Aunt / Uncle Niece / Nephew Half Sibling 25% Varies by specific relationship
1st Cousin 12.5% 7.31% – 13.8%

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