How should I interpret this Buchenwald camp card?

What does Buchenwald mean in German?

beech forest

Buchenwald, one of the biggest of the Nazi concentration camps established on German soil. Its name means “beech forest” in German, and it stood on a wooded hill about 4.5 miles (7 km) northwest of Weimar, Germany.

Is the Buchenwald concentration camp still standing?

Buchenwald is the largest of the concentration camps still in existence. At the end of February, there are 112,000 persons, including 25,000 women, in its parent camp and 88 subcamps. One third of the men and women in custody are Jews. Thousands are sent on to subcamps after arriving at the parent camp.

What is inscribed on the entrance gate to Buchenwald?

The inscription is based on “suum cuique”, a Roman legal maxim dating back two millennia: “Iuris praecepta sunt haec: honeste vivere, alterum non laedere, suum cuique tribuere.” – “The precepts of the law are these: To live honorably, not to injure another, to give each his due.”

What happens at Buchenwald?

Between 1933 and 1945, Nazi Germany and its allies established more than 44,000 camps and other incarceration sites (including ghettos). The perpetrators used these locations for a range of purposes, including forced labor, detention of people deemed to be “enemies of the state,” and mass murder.

How many died in Buchenwald concentration camp?

By the end of the war, Buchenwald is the largest concentration camp in the German Reich. More than 56,000 die there as the result of torture, medical experiments and consumption.

Who freed Buchenwald?

the United States Third Army

Buchenwald concentration camp was liberated on 11 April 1945 by the Sixth Armored Division of the United States Third Army.

When was Buchenwald camp liberated?

April 11, 1945

On April 11, 1945, in expectation of liberation, prisoners stormed the watchtowers, seizing control of the camp. Later that afternoon, US forces entered Buchenwald. Soldiers from the 6th Armored Division, part of the Third Army, found more than 21,000 people in the camp.

What is Buchenwald night?

Buchenwald: For three days and nights, Eliezer and the other prisoners ride the train from Gleiwitz (Gliwice) in Poland to Buchenwald (near Weimar) in Germany with no food or water. Only 12 of the 100 men in Eliezer’s car survive. Eliezer and about 20,000 prisoners are liberated on April 11, 1945.

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