Freehold and copyhold land in 18th century England?

What is the difference between freehold and copyhold?

Freehold land is land owned outright, for an unlimited duration. A freeholder can dispose of their property as they wish, before or at death. Copyhold land was land held by a manorial tenant.

What is copyhold land?

Copyhold land was land held from a manor. For more general details, see the separate Research Guidance on Manorial records. Manors themselves were freehold property, and were bought and sold between major landowners.

What is former copyhold land?

Copyhold is an ancient form of land tenure where the occupant held the land as a tenant of the lord of the manor. After 1840, most copyholders were able to obtain the freehold of their land, a process known as enfranchisement.

What is a copyhold cottage?

Copyhold for lives: where several (usually three) named persons held the premises for the duration of their lives. The first-named life tenant acted as tenant and paid rent and heriots; while the other two were said to be “in reversion and remainder” and effectively formed a queue.

What is a Copyhold UK?

copyhold, in English law, a form of landholding defined as a “holding at the will of the lord according to the custom of the manor.” Its origin is found in the occupation by villeins, or nonfreemen, of portions of land belonging to the manor of the feudal lord.

When was Copyhold abolished?


Copyhold tenure lasted in some places until 1925 when it was abolished by the Law of Property Act of 1922, but in most places copyholds had been converted either to freeholds or to leaseholds long before then.

What is free hold land?

Definition: Freehold property can be defined as any estate which is “free from hold” of any entity besides the owner. Hence, the owner of such an estate enjoys free ownership for perpetuity and can use the land for any purposes however in accordance with the local regulations.

What is a manorial title?

the lordship or dignity – this is the title granted by the manor, the manorial – this is the manor and its land, the seignory – these are the rights granted to the holder of the manor.

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