# Determining relationship (e.g. number of removes) with cousin?

## How do you calculate cousin relationships?

Count how many “greats” are in your cousin’s common ancestor’s title and add 1. You now have the correct number label for your cousin. Example: The common ancestor is your cousin’s great-grandparent. 1 “great” + 1 = 2, so this is your second cousin.

## How are cousins removed calculated?

This pattern continues throughout each generation. So, for example, a first cousin once removed is either the child of your first cousin or the parent of your second cousin. Now that you know what to call your distant cousins, use the chart below (click to enlarge) to calculate your cousinship!

## What does 5x removed cousin mean?

So if FDR and Eleanor were fifth cousins, once removed, that means the closest common ancestor was the great-great-great-great-grandparent (a.k.a. fourth great-grandparent) to one of them — and the other was an extra generation removed from that common ancestor.

## What does 4th cousin 7x removed mean?

When the word “removed” is used to describe a relationship, it indicates that the two people are from different generations.

## What relation is a first cousin once removed?

A cousin who is “once removed” is a generation above or below you. For example, your dad’s first cousin, as we mentioned above, is your first cousin, but she is “once removed” because there is a generation between you and her. Another example of a cousin once removed would be the child of your first cousin.

## What is a cousin once removed chart?

A cousin once removed means they’re from the generation immediately above or below you. So your first cousin once removed would be your first cousin’s child or your parent’s first cousin. Your second cousin once removed is your second cousin’s child or your parent’s second cousin.

## How many Centimorgans do first cousins once removed share?

220 to 680 centimorgans

A first cousin of your father is your first cousin, once removed. First cousins once removed share anywhere from 220 to 680 centimorgans. Twice removed means that there is a two-generation difference between cousins.

## How many cMs do first cousins once removed share?

Relationship data from Tim Janzen

Relationship Range Expected
First cousins 548-1139 cMs 888 cMs
First cousins once removed 220-638 cMs 444 cMs
Second cousins 86-426 cMs 222 cMs
Second cousins once removed 19-197 cMs 111 cMs

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