Citing a conversation with a living relative

How do I cite a personal conversation?

You do not include personal communication in your reference list; instead, parenthetically cite the communicator’s name, the phrase “personal communication,” and the date of the communication in your main text only. (E. Robbins, personal communication, January 4, 2019).

How do you cite a personal communication in a thesis?

Cite personal communications only in the text, give the initials as well as the surname of the communicator, and provide the exact date if possible (see APA, section 6.20, p. 179; APA Style Blog, “What Belongs in the Reference List?”).

How do you cite a personal conversation in MLA?

Information required for citing personal communications includes:

  1. The name of the person.
  2. The type of interview or communication, e.g. personal interview, telephone interview, etc.
  3. The date (day, month. and year, if possible) of the communication.
  4. The location and city (for a lecture.
  5. The subject line (for an email)

Where should a personal communication be cited in a paper?

Personal communications are usually referenced within the text or a note. They rarely appear as bibliographic entries. Do not include the e-mail address or other contact information through which the communication was conducted unless it is necessary and you have the source’s permission.

What is communication with citation?

Library Philosophy and Practice 2011

Rothwell (2001) sees communication as a transactional process of sharing meaning with others. Kemoni (2004) citing Ojiambo avers that communication involves the giving and receiving of information, signals or messages by talk, gestures and writing.

What is the difference between personal communication and mass communication?

Personal communication means a communication between two persons either through oral letter or through telephone etc while mass communication includes the use of radio television press films etc for wider public audience.

How do you cite people you know?


  1. Last name of person interviewed, First name. Interview. Conducted by Interviewer Name. Date of interview.
  2. Example: Mars, Bruno. Interview. Conducted by Julie Chapman. .

How do you cite unpublished personal communication?

Unpublished interviews

  1. Unpublished interviews (including those you have conducted yourself) should usually be cited only in notes. …
  2. Include the following information: name of the interviewee and interviewer, place and date of the interview (if known), location of any tapes or transcripts (if known).

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